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a foot with bunions in the ocean

What is a Bunion?

A bony protrusion at the big toe joint (1st metatarsophalangeal joint), which occurs over time and may or may not be painful.


A similar protrusion can occur on the outside of the foot on the little toe (5th metatarsophalangeal joint). This type of deformity is called a “bunionette,” and it may or may not be painful. 

What Causes a Bunion:

  • Wearing shoes that are too small or tight. 

  • History of injury 

  • Genetic predispositions 

  • Underlying inflammatory conditions, e.g. Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Pointy toe or high-heeled shoes may also cause toes to overcrowd.


Symptoms of a Bunion:

  • Bump on the side of the big toe (or the 5th toe, bunionette)

  • Big or little toe mobility issues

  • Inflamed skin and redness on side of the big toe

  • Big toe turning towards your other toes

  • Little toe turning towards the other toes

  • Foot pain that may come and go

  • Pain at the toe joint when walking

Types of Treatments:

Nonsurgical Options

  • Wearing shoes with adequate good arch support.

  • Over-the-counter pain relief medication such as ibuprofen, naproxen, and acetaminophen.

  • Consult with your  Valley Foot and Ankle Specialty Providers Podiatrist on instructions for proper taping and padding

Surgical Options:

If your pain is severe and limiting your everyday living,  consult with your Valley Foot and Ankle Specialty Provider Podiatrist to discuss if surgical treatment is your best option. There are a variety of surgical corrective measures which can be discussed during your in-office consultation.


​A bunionette, or "tailor's bunion," occurs on the outside of the foot near the base of the little toe. Although it is in a different spot on the foot, a bunionette is very much like a bunion. You may develop painful bursitis and a hard corn or callus over the bump.
Source: Orthoinfo

sketch image of a bunionette, and how it looks like

Get Help Now

Our foot doctors specialize in Bunion pain, deformations, or difficulty walking. We will offer the best treatments to help you in the different stages you are in. Please call us to schedule an appointment at 559-436-4820 

Running Shoes

Change Shoes

Change shoes every 3 - 6 months, depending on activity.

Sports Shoes

Shoe Fit

Your heel should not slip

or slide while walking.

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Patient Review

Young Businesswoman


Had a problem for years with my foot and Dr Oji did an amazing job with my surgery. Him and the staff are very kind. Updated: Finished my second surgery with dr Oji and he did another amazing job. I would and have recommended several people to him. Thank you.

Shoe Comfort

The ball of your foot should fit comfortably in the widest
part of the shoe.


Shoe Width

For Bunions / Tailors Bunion, choose a wide toe box.

shoes see through.jpg
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